Union Square retains its role as the official "core" of San Francisco. Originally a tall dune and made in 1850 into a public park, Union Square is named after the pro-Union rallies held there on the brink of the American Civil War. Today, Union Square area and surroundings give an incredible choice of department stores, fancy boutiques, art galleries, shops and beauty salons, making it one of the most popular shopping destination in the United States.
Due to its history and culture, this one-block square has been appointed as one of the California Historical Landmark. Shopping, musical and multicultural events, the Ice Rink during wintertime, food and wine fairs take place in the same plaza where you can find the memorial to the sailors of the United States Navy: this unique blend of possibilities contribute to the area's dynamic, 24-hour character, and that's what makes Union Square a major tourist destination, a vital, cosmopolitan gathering place in downtown San Francisco.