The Roman Forum, one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. This flat area between the Campidoglio and the Quirinale, reclaimed by Tarquinius Superbus, as early as the VI century B.C., was ment to host the markets and the public life of the city." Forum" was the term used by the Romans to show the central urban square where they gathered to perform the administrative, legal, commercial and religious functions of the city.
Crossed by the 'Via Sacra', the Roman Forum, in the imperial era, almost unchanged maintained its original structure. The only exceptions were the construction of the temple of Antoninus and Faustina, in a marginal position, and the realization of some honorary monuments, the most important of which was the Arch of Septimius Severus. After the Renaissance - from which the ancient areas were looted or used as gigantic quarries of materials - the area was abandoned again, until he went in the eighteenth century the final of the antiquities recovery process that brought to light, especially since the excavations systematic nineteenth century, this immense wealth plundered savagely and forgotten for centuries.