Gesù Nuovo is the name of a church and a square in Naples. They are located just outside the western boundary of the historic center of the city. To the southeast of the spire, one can see a block away from the Fountain of Monteoliveto and the piazza of the church of Sant'Anna dei Lombardi. The square is a result of the expansion of the city to the west beginning in the early 16th century under the rule of Spanish viceroy Pedro Alvarez de Toledo.
This unusual church was transformed by the Jesuits from 15th century Palazzo San Severino, the one-time residence of the Prince of Salerno, in the late 1700s. Its striking facade, a rare example of bugnato a punta di diamante (ashlar work), was preserved from the palazzo's original facade, while a baroque portal was created to encompass the original Renaissance portal. The church's interior is opulent and features stuccoes, frescoes, and marble decorations by some of Naples's best artists from the 16th century to the beginning of the 19th.